Geographic Information System (GIS)
A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface. GIS can show many different kinds of data on one map. This enables people to more easily see, analyze, and understand patterns and relationships. GIS can use any information that includes location. The location can be expressed in many different ways, such as latitude and longitude, address, or PIN code. Many different types of information can be compared and contrasted using GIS. The system can include data about people, such as population, income, or education level. It can include information about the land, such as the location of streams, pipelines, routes, etc.
GIS has wide range of application and uses:
GIS benefits organizations in
almost every industry
- GIS allows you to map the location of objects: Natural resources, cultural resources, wells, pipelines, water lines, streams, roads, and houses are all examples of data that can be inventoried and displayed using GIS. Specific street addresses and coordinate data (i.e., longitudes and latitudes) can be accurately situated on a map using geocoding methods. Future conditions of resources can be predicted based on current and historical data.
- A GIS can help you organize and centralize your data: together based on a location, such as address. This could enable all departments of an organization to have access to, and share the same data, and ensure all departments and individuals are using the most up-to-date information.
- Spatially-enabled websites can provide an excellent tool for education and public information: Websites can be developed with GIS software for either the internet or a company intranet which can help your company, organization or department effectively convey information to members of a private group, or to the public at large. Maps can be created dynamically and served over the web.